John Hattie is a Professor of Education and Director of the Melbourne Education Research Institute at the University of Melbourne, Australia, since March 2011. He was previously Professor of Education at the University of Auckland.
His research interests include performance indicators and evaluation in education, as well as creativity measurement and models of teaching and learning. He is a proponent of evidence-based quantitative research methodologies on the influences on student achievement.
In this TEDx Talk in Sweden, he states that students’ family background or their personalities, school or class restructuring, learning programs, technology are not attributes contributing to effective learning.
Rather, it’s the following that are determining factors that play a pivotal role in learning:
In a nutshell, effective learning arises from:
1. Collaboration among teachers in their teaching approaches
2. Employment of students’ prior knowledge towards successfully teaching objectives
3. Mutual trust and respect established and maintained between teachers and their students, as well as students accepting errors as opportunities to learn
4. Students’ feedback to teachers such that the latter can modify their teaching approaches to suit the learning styles of the class
5. Attaining the right degree of balance between surface learning (where students do not understand the subject matter as it is entirely new to them) and deep learning (where students already have existing prior knowledge and where they need something more insightful and challenging to excite their learning enthusiasm)
6. Conducting the lessons in increasing difficulty, and where students are given the opportunities and time to overcome these difficulties